“The Ways We Lie” – Rhetorical Essay #4

Heather Wright

Prof. Justin Morgan

English 112

July 09, 2017

The Toulmin Method in “The Methods We Lie”

“The Methods We Lie” ended up being written by Stephanie Ericsson and very first starred in theUtne Reader. The purpose for this argument is give an explanation for various kinds of lies and exactly how they could be used in our life and our culture.

Ericsson is very upfront exactly how she considers lying. Inside argument she describes at length, her reason why we lie. “We lie. All of us do. We exaggerate, we minimize, we avoid conflict, we spare people’s emotions, we conveniently forget, we keep secrets, we justify lying to your big-guy institutions” (120). Ericsson found that telling the reality on a regular basis is impossible (120). She additionally realizes that not every thing is justified by lying. Ericsson asked, “just what far-reaching consequences am I going to, or others, pay as a result of my lie? Will someone’s trust be destroyed? Will somebody else spend my penance because we ducked out?” (121)

Ericsson is extremely bold inside her argument and gets up for what she thinks is important. Not absolutely all lies might be beneficial, but Ericsson shows multiple times throughout the woman argument that lying should only be utilized whenever assisting or saving others from hurt. Ericsson cannot believe one should lie because it's convenient. “Webster’s concept of a lie is specific: 1) a false declaration or action specially made with the intent to deceive; 2) something that provides or perhaps is designed to give a false impression. A definition such as this means that there are numerous, numerous methods to tell a lie” (121).

Ericsson explains just a few various kinds of lies; the white lie, facades, ignoring the simple facts, deflecting, omission, stereotypes and clichés, groupthink, out-and-out lies, dismissal, and delusion. Ericsson expresses, “of all of the ways to lie, I like the out-and-out lies top, probably because I have tired of racking your brains on the real definitions behind things. At the very least I am able to trust the bald-faced lie” (126).

Although lying is wrong by people, Ericsson makes a fantastic argument, that lying are of help at certain times. For example, an elderly woman and also require Alzheimer’s cannot have to be told about a grandchild loss of life, because she actually is currently confused and doesn't remember that grandchild anyhow. Without the omission of details, the ladies may become extremely upset and even worse off than just keeping the facts from the lady. I highly agree with Ericsson argument on why we lie and really enjoyed the various reasoning’s behind every type of lie.

Work Cited

Ericsson, Stephanie. “The Methods We Lie.” Blackboard: 50 Essays, modified by Samuel Cohen, 2004, pp. 120-129.

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